Five Sports Injuries of the  Foot and Ankle - The Texas Foot Specialists

Injuries are quite common in athletes. This is because of the physical demands that each sport requires. And one of the most abused parts in any sport is the feet. It is constantly exposed to stress from explosive movements such as jumping, running or quickly changing directions. The foot is one of the most robust structures in the body but it too has its limits. And when it is stretched beyond its limits, foot and ankle injuries can occur.

Five Foot and ankle sports injuries commonly seen in athletes:

  1. Ankle sprains. This is usually the result of landing on an uneven surface which results to the foot turning in a bad position. This can result to a partial or complete tear of the ligaments responsible for stabilizing and supporting your ankle joint.
  2. Achilles tendon injury. Coined as Achilles tendonitis, this injury to the Achilles tendon. It is often the result of over usage of the tendon. Usually an acute inflammation, the tendon may become ruptured especially if it is already weak.
  3. Plantar fasciitis. This is a condition wherein the tissue that connects the heel to the toes becomes inflamed. Once there is plantar fasciitis, you may feel pain in your heel or in your arch.
  4. Stress fractures. A stress fracture is most common in runners. This is an injury to the tendons and ligaments which are located on the inside and outside of your ankle. This can cause stress in your foot bones. Though a stress fracture does not happen in one event, repetitive stress on the bone may cause it to break. As a matter of fact, 5-15% on all running-related injuries are dedicated to stress fractures and 49% of all injuries are usually seen on those people who ran a range of 25 to 44 miles a week.
  5. Turf toe. An athlete can also suffer from a turf toe which is best described as a sprain of the main joint on your big toe. It is painful and will result to limited joint movement in your big toe.

Pain and swelling are the first indication of a possible injury. Although most of the pain felt could be due to a strained muscle, lingering pain could be a sign of a serious foot and ankle injury. When this happens, consult a podiatrist.  Dr. Gregory Mangum and Dr. Bruce Miller are Podiatrists who specialize in helping athletes suffering from foot and ankle injuries.  

A sport that has relatively high amount of foot and ankle injuries is soccer. Soccer injuries are usually the result of collisions when one player strikes another with a forceful impact. Since soccer can also be an example of a contact sport, a player usually gets a direct blow to his lower leg. This accounts for 20-30% ankle injuries in all of the recorded soccer injuries. 

The Texas Foot Specialists located in Sugar Land, Pasadena and Houston, we specialize in helping people with foot disorders. To schedule an appointment call Sugar Land (281) 242-4448, Pasadena (281) 991-0600 and Houston (713) 664-6677.

 

Two Types Of Foot Stress Fractures - The Texas Foot Specialists

Types of foot stress fractures

There are two types of stress fractures, fatigue and insufficiency fractures. Fatigue fractures are the result of repeated stress on the foot that results to an injury beyond the bone’s natural healing ability. An insufficiency fracture on the other hand is caused by a weakened bone structure like those seen in people suffering from osteoporosis.

Stress fractures remain unnoticed until pain becomes unbearable. Therefore early diagnosis is essential to prevent the condition from progressing. A podiatrist is a foot specialist that is highly qualified to identify and treat foot stress fractures. Dr. Gregory Mangum and Dr. Bruce Miller are Podiatrists who specialize in helping people suffering from foot injuries.

Stress fractures commonly develop in the weight-bearing bones especially those located in the lower foot. This type of injury can be seen in track and field athletes or just about anyone who participates in activities that place too much stress on the foot.

What causes foot stress fractures?

Stress fractures can be the result of repetitive abuse of the foot during jumps or long distance running. It can also be the result of weakened bones due to an underlying disease.

Symptoms of a foot stress fracture

  1. Foot pain that often manifests itself during physical activities and decrease with rest
  2. Pain that intensifies over time
  3. Swelling and tenderness

Diagnosis of foot stress fractures

Pain is a signal that indicates injury or something abnormal. Foot pain during physical activities can be an indication of foot stress fractures. Consulting with a podiatrist gives you the best chance for early diagnosis and drastically improves prognosis.

Diagnosis starts with a thorough check of your medical history and previous activities. The podiatrist inspects your foot for swelling and tenderness.

A thorough diagnosis involves obtaining a detailed history of your condition and performing an examination of the injury and surrounding area. Stress fractures are not easily identified on X-ray until about 3 weeks after the onset of symptoms. More detailed tests such as MRIs, CT scan or bone scans are performed if a podiatrist suspect a stress fracture even after testing negative on X-ray.

Treatment for foot stress fractures

  • Rest – reducing pressure on the feet prevents further injury and buys time for it to heal properly
  • Ice – this reduces swelling and helps relieve pain
  • Pain medications – stick to acetaminophen based pain relievers. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers may interfere with proper bone healing.

The Texas Foot Specialists located in Sugar Land, Pasadena and Houston, we specialize in helping people with foot disorders. To schedule an appointment call Sugar Land (281) 242-4448, Pasadena (281) 991-0600 and Houston (713) 664-6677.

Achilles Tendon Injury hits Nikola Pekovic - The Texas Foot Specialists

Minnesota Timberwolves center Nikola Pekovic recently suffered an injured Achilles tendon. It was later announced that the center will be out indefinitely after undergoing a procedure to repair his Achilles' tendon. It is hoped that he will fully recover from the injury and will return to the team.

What is an Achilles tendon injury?

The Achilles' tendon is a band of tissue that can be found at the back of the ankle and above the heels that allows the foot to extend. The Achilles' tendon is also likely to suffer from and injury especially among amateur and professional athletes. It is important that you consult with a podiatrist for the first signs of a foot injury. Dr. Gregory Mangum and Dr. Bruce Miller are Podiatrists who specialize in helping people with foot pain and other types of foot conditions.

What are the causes of Achilles tendon injury?

Achilles tendon can be injured when a sudden force or stress is applied to it. Activities such as football, tennis, diving, basketball, even running that uses a forceful push can cause an Achilles tendon injury. It can also be damaged by accidents like falling or a deep cut at the back of the ankle. Sometimes an Achilles' tendon become weak making it prone to injuries or rupture. Wearing high heeled shoes is also one of the causes of Achilles tendon injury.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles tendon injury?

Signs and symptoms may come immediately right after a sporting activity or injury. The following are some of the symptoms of Achilles tendon injury:

  • The foot is difficult to flex
  • Stiffness
  • Tenderness
  • A snapping or popping sound after the accident
  • Swelling
  • Pain when stretching

What are the treatments for an Achilles tendon injury?

An Achilles tendon injury should be treated immediately. Check with your Podiatrist before any treatment. The following conservative treatments will help the injured tendon to heal naturally:

  • To protect your injured Achilles tendon from stretching, using a heel lift is advised.
  • Using anti-inflammatory painkillers such as Ibuprofen and Naproxen will relieve the pain and swelling
  • Elevate your injured foot using a pillow especially when sitting or lying
  • Compressing your injured foot will relieve the swelling
  • Apply an ice compact on your injured foot until the pain disappears
  • Use crutches to avoid putting extra weight on your injured Achilles tendon

At The Texas Foot Specialists located in Sugar Land, Pasadena and Houston we specialize in helping people with suffering from foot problems. To schedule an appointment call Sugar Land (281) 242-4448, Pasadena (281) 991-0600 and Houston (713) 664-6677.

Mike Conley - Achilles tendonitis - The Texas Foot Specialists


Memphis Grizzlies point guard Mike Conley is just one of the NBA players who recently suffered from a foot injury. His condition was later diagnosed as Achilles tendonitis. Mike Conley missed three games due to the pain in his left foot. After re-evaluation by team doctors, the decision was made not to allow Conley to return to the game. But what is Achilles tendonitis?

Achilles tendonitis is the inflammation of your Achilles' tendon. It causes pain along the along the back of your leg near the heel. It occurs when the tendon of your heel become swollen and painful. Consult a podiatrist any signs of chronic foot pain. Dr. Bruce Miller and Dr. Gregory Mangum are Podiatrist who specializes in helping people with Achilles tendonitis.

Any repeated activity that strains the Achilles tendon can contribute to this problem. Achilles tendonitis is likely to occur if:

  • Exercising without a proper warm up
  • Your calf muscles are very tight
  • Running on hard surface such as concrete
  • Running too often
  • Jumping a lot
  • Not wearing shoes that give your feet proper support
  • Your foot suddenly turns in or out and
  • Wearing high heels daily

 

Symptoms of Achilles tendonitis are:

  • Pain above your heel and the back of your foot especially when stretching
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Snapping or popping noise during the injury
  • Stiffness
  • Difficulty in flexing your foot or pointing your noise

 

Your doctor might suggest a variety of treatments available for Achilles Tendonitis:

  • Reducing your physical activity
  • Switching to a different, less strenuous sport
  • Elevating your foot to lessen the swelling
  • Wearing a brace or elastic bandage to prevent movement
  • Getting steroid injections
  • Stretching and strengthening the calf muscles
  • Applying ice in the area after an exercise or in pain
  • Going to physical therapy
  • Using anti-inflammatory medications for a limited time

 

There are times that the conservative treatments are not effective. In these cases, surgery is necessary to repair the Achilles' tendon.

Here are some tips on how to lower the risk of Achilles Tendonitis:

  • Stretch your calf muscles every morning to improve your agility.
  • Ease into a new exercise routine that will gradually intensify your physical activity.
  • Combine a low and high impact exercises to reduce constant stress on your tendons.
  • Choose a shoe that has arch support and proper cushioning.
  • Gradually reduce the heel size of your shoes to allow the tendons to slowly stretch and increase its range of motion.

The Texas Foot Specialists located in Sugar Land, Pasadena and Houston, we specialize in helping people with Achilles tendonitis. To schedule an appointment call Sugar Land (281) 242-4448, Pasadena (281) 991-0600 and Houston (713) 664-6677.

Different shoe parts and how it helps your feet? The Texas Foot Specialists

Proper foot care involves choosing the right type of shoes. Wearing running shoes for example helps prevent injury while improving your performance. But choosing the right shoe is more than selecting the right size. We should also understand the basic components of the shoe and how it affects our feet.

The use of therapeutic footwear is just one of the treatments employed by podiatrist for managing the different symptoms of foot disorders. Those with toe deformities, hammertoes or bunions could benefit from using therapeutic shoes. A visit to a podiatrist can help explain the many benefits of using therapeutic shoes. Dr. Gregory Mangum and Dr. Bruce Miller are Podiatrists who specialize in helping people with foot conditions and disorders.

What are the different components of a shoe?

  • The toe box is a space located the top of the shoe which is used to enclose the toes. A wider toe box is ideal for those suffering from hammertoes. It gives the toes more room to wiggle reducing pain.
  • The sole is located at the bottom of the feet. It provides cushioning to absorb high intensity impacts. It helps reduce risks for foot injuries due to running or jumping. A specially designed sole could also offer additional support for people suffering from flat feet.
  • The heels is another shoe part that provides additional foot support. However, the height of the heels have a direct effect on how weight is shifted in the feet. Shoes with “high” heels push our weight forward to the toe area.
  • The vamp composes the top area of the shoe. This is usually the area where shoe laces are located. It can be used to adjust the tightness of the shoe for better fit.
  • The sides as the name indicates comprises the sides of the shoes. A shoe made of flexible materials makes it easier for the shoes to conform with the foot’s shape. A therapeutic shoe designed with wider sides for example can be a source of relief for those suffering from bunions.

The Texas Foot Specialists located in Sugar Land, Pasadena and Houston we specialize in helping people with foot disorders. To schedule an appointment call Sugar Land (281) 242-4448, Pasadena (281) 991-0600 and Houston (713) 664-6677.

Plantar fasciitis - Peyton Manning - The Texas Foot Specialists

Peyton Manning, legendary Broncos Denver’s quarterback suffered from a partially torn plantar fascia in his left foot last season. He was then relegated to the sidelines and had difficulty walking for weeks. This was not uncommon, since foot injuries is a common occurrence among athletes.

Plantar fasciitis is a stabbing pain that usually occurs in the morning and will disappear after making few steps. This kind of injury is very common to runners and athletes who are involved in tough playing games. Consult a podiatrist for any type of foot injury. Dr. Bruce Miller and Dr. Gregory Mangum are Podiatrists who specialize in helping people with chronic foot pain and other types of foot conditions.

Symptoms

  • There is an aching, or burning pain in the sole of your foot
  • Foot pain that occurs as you step out of the bed early in the morning
  • Pain that will decrease after you’ve been on your feel for a while
  • Sudden heel pain
  • Foot pain that lasted for more than few days
  • Pain in just one foot
  • Swelling, heat feeling, or redness in the heel area
  • Limping
  • Plantar fasciitis is mistaken with other conditions that have the same symptoms such as arthritis or tarsal tunnel syndrome.


What are the risks in developing plantar fasciitis?

  • Pronation. This is a condition when a plantar fascia doesn’t transfer weight evenly while walking.
  • Overuse of the feet without proper rest
  • Tightness, flat feet, or high arches at the back of the heel
  • Obesity
  • Standing or lifting heavy objects for a long period of time
  • Ill-fitting or worn footwear
  • Normal aging process
  • Physical trauma to the foot

What are the treatments for plantar fasciitis?

A simple three step approach is all you need to experience immediate symptom relief: 

Give your feet a rest - adjust your daily habits to spend some time off your feet and let it rest. Ice brings cooling relief - you have to apply an ice pack to your injured heel for twenty minutes every two hours. This will numb the pain and control inflammation. Use of orthotics devices such as splints, shoe inserts, and wraps will lessen the pressure on your heel.

 How to prevent plantar fasciitis

  •  You need to maintain a healthy weight.
  • You have to warm up before participating in any sports.
  • You need to wear shoes that cushion the heel and support the arch. 

The Texas Foot Specialists located in Sugar Land, Pasadena and Houston we specialize in helping people with plantar fasciitis and other chronic foot problems. To schedule an appointment call Sugar Land (281) 242-4448, Pasadena (281) 991-0600 and Houston (713) 664-6677.

New York Yankee Pitcher Bryan Mitchell Falls to Turf Toe Injury - The Texas Foot Specialists

New York Yankees pitcher Bryan Mitchell is rumored to have a grade 3 Turf toe. Mitchell is a professional baseball pitcher who suffered an injury in a game against Atlanta Braves. It is said that he was running to cover the first base. His injury will require him a surgery that will take him three months to fully recover.

Turf toe is the term used to describe the sprain of the ligaments around the big toe joint. This injury is caused when the big toe is jammed forcefully while running or jumping. Consult a podiatrist for any type of foot injury. Dr. Gregory Mangum and Dr. Bruce Miller are Podiatrists who specialize in helping people with chronic foot pain and other types of foot conditions.

 What are the signs and symptoms of Turf toe? 

  • There is limited toe movement
  • At a time of injury, a snapping or popping sound can be heard
  • Your mobility is reduced
  • Your toe is swelling
  • Your big toe is bruising
  • There is pain at the base of your big toe
  • Tenderness
  •  Pain and other symptoms are mild at first but it will gradually get worse. Not everyone will experience all these symptoms but everyone complains about pain. 

Tips on how to prevent turf toe

  • With the help of a proper footwear, turf toe and other toe injuries can be avoided and prevented. You can also try various stretching exercises that will strengthen your toes.
  • Instead of tennis shoes, it is much better if you will wear cleats
  • Wearing proper shoes that provide protection most especially on your toes
  • Toe walking - you must do this exercise slowly at first. It is simple as standing on your tiptoes and walk
  • Pencil pick-up - you have to use your toe to pick up the pencil on the floor while you are sitting

Tips on how to treat a turf toe

  • Rest - putting weights and pressures on your toes should be avoided when you are in the healing process
  • Ice - should be applied on the injured part every hour that will take 15 to 20 minutes to lessen the pain
  • Compression - it is important to tape your toes with the help of elastic bandages to prevent your toes from moving
  • Elevation - with the help of pillows and cushions, you have to raise your injured foot above your heart level
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs - over the counter medication like Ibuprofen can help to lessen the pain

It is said that turf toe can cause long-term problems even with proper medication and treatment. This can also lead to hyper flexion injuries. The pain will subside from two to three weeks with the help of proper treatment and medication. 

The Texas Foot Specialists located in Sugar Land, Pasadena and Houston we specialize in helping people suffering from chronic foot problems. To schedule an appointment call Sugar Land (281) 242-4448, Pasadena (281) 991-0600 and Houston (713) 664-6677.

 

Natural Treatments for Swollen Ankles - The Texas Foot Specialists

Swollen ankles can be caused by a variety of factors. Whether it is due to prolonged standing or a result of a disease such as kidney problems, ankles become swollen because of fluid buildup in the area. Visit a podiatrist to properly identify the cause of your swollen ankle. Dr. Gregory Mangum and Dr. Bruce Miller are podiatrists who specializes in helping people with foot disorders and injuries.  

Since most would want a natural way to help reduce the swelling of their ankles, I have here a list of the 5 natural ways that can help lessen your swollen ankles.

Immerse foot in tonic water

Tonic water contains quinine and its bubbles can help lessen inflammation. Aside from reducing the inflammation and swelling, soaking your feet in tonic water will help it to relax and soothes the swollen ankles.

Apply some grapefruit essential oil

  1. Fill a bucket with warm water and apply a few drops of grapefruit essential oil.
  2. Soak your feet for 15-20 minutes to soothe and relax it.
  3. Take your feet and pat dry using a soft towel.
  4. Mix few drops of grapefruit essential oil with carrier oil (preferably sweet almond or olive) and massage it to your feet up to the legs.
  5. Make sure that your massage stroke is pointing upward in a circular motion to help the fluid have a better circulation.

Immerse in a Salt Water

Using Epsom salts when taking a bath is a sure way to make it more relaxing. Just make sure that the amount of Epsom salt you are mixing with water is a healthy dose.

Use support hose

Support hose is a great weapon to help fight swollen ankles as they prevent swelling. These support hose is also called compression gear which can be a knee or thigh-high or full-on compression stockings. They are very hard to put on because they are really tight but rest assured that they make wonders to your swollen ankle.

Elevate your feet    

The reasons for a swollen ankle and feet are the facts that the fluid is being retained and collected in your lower extremities and that your body has trouble in its circulation. Defy gravity to reduce your edema. If you are about to go to sleep at night, use one or two pillows to elevate your foot and make sure that it is above your heart. If you are in your office, you may have something under your table so that you can elevate it.

The Texas Foot Specialists located in Sugar Land, Pasadena and Houston we specialize in helping people with foot problems. To schedule an appointment call Sugar Land (281) 242-4448, Pasadena (281) 991-0600 and Houston (713) 664-6677.